When there is Peace, there is Order: Bacolod City’s Cognizance on the Implementation of Peace and Order
Peace and Order
Local power compositions heavily influence how the complexity of conflict and power dynamics is reflected. The provision of universal justice services has evolved into an essential component of the effective and efficient implementation of holistic peace and order. The study aims to investigate the cognizance on the implementation of peace and order in Bacolod City. It utilized quantitative and qualitative approaches, specifically a descriptive-causal research design. This research design is a regularity of causality that underlies the arguments for science-based research on the value of the quantitative computation of data and is supported with a qualitative approach for the causal explanation, which is appropriate for a more productive collaboration of the results and implications of this study (AECT, 2001; Maldonado & Greenland, 2002; Maxwell, 2004; Umstead & Mayton, 2018). The respondents of 123 elected barangay officials, including the chief tanod and five constituents, were selected through purposive sampling. A modified research instrument was employed, and it underwent validation using Lawshe content validity by the research experts in the field. It was then submitted to reliability testing using Cronbach's alpha, which resulted in 0.87 and was considered reliable. This study used a semi-structured interview guide for the informants' interviews. The researcher revealed ‘an increase in the percentage of drug-cleared barangays’ (M = 3.9512), and it also noted that ‘logistical support to the Katarungang Pambarangay’ had manifested (M = 3.9431) in Bacolod City. A significant difference is observed in the level of implementation of peace and order regarding age [U = 1388.00, p = 0.011] and sex [U = 1279.00, p = 0.008] as computed in the Mann-Whitney U test. This study further formulates the "theme": "Effectiveness in the implementation of peace and order programs is based on citizens’ cooperation and effort." Thus, the researcher recommends further studies to confirm the present results, and a replication of this study is highly recommended for future researchers.